Dubbed the Camelot of Africa, the city of Gondar — the capital of Ethiopia from 1636 until the mid-19th century — combines a modern veneer with an architectural sensibility harking back to the middle Ages. The city’s physical and architectural centerpiece is Fasil Ghebbi, a stone-walled Royal Compound containing half a dozen fairytale castles including the three-story original built by Emperor Fasil in the 1630s. The Fasil Ghebbi UNESCO World Heritage Site also incorporates several more remote constructions, most notably the Church of Debre Berhan Selassie, with its beautifully painted interior.